In winter, many people use a wood-burning stove to keep their house warm. The stove is perfect for those who want the warmth of a fireplace without any of the hassle and maintenance that come with it. However, if you don’t have a proper system for venting your chimney smoke, you could be causing big problems in your home by causing high carbon monoxide pollution levels.
Luckily there are ways to duct heat from your wood-burning stove so that you can enjoy all the benefits of this heating appliance without damaging air quality. This blog post speaks about an issue that most people may not know about: how to duct heat from a wood burning stove.
Step by Step Guide on How to Duct Heat From a Wood Burning Stove
Step One: Start with a Wood Burning Stove
Wood-burning stoves require very little in the way of set-up. They usually come with compartments for wood fuel and air, so all you need to do is light it up. You will want to place the stove near an exterior wall so that the fire alarm won’t be triggered by embers when they fly out the stove’s chimney.
If you are in an area where fires become serious, you may not want to place it near the exterior wall because that will result in exposing the wood-burning stove when it overheats or catches fire. You will also need to consider your roof when deciding where to place the wood-burning stove.
Wood-burning stoves should be placed as far away from the roof as possible because they will create soot and ignite it. Even if you are diligent in cleaning your roof, the soot will eventually build up to a point when it needs maintenance.
Step Two: Connect Wood-Burning Stove Ducts to Cold Air Intake and Hot Air Exhaust
You need to purchase ducts that are specific for wood-burning stoves, typically made from flexible galvanized steel or aluminum. If you have a forced-air system, you will need to purchase two sets of ducts, one small and the other large, for a total of four sections.
The larger set is for cold air intake, and the smaller set is for hot air exhaust. You can buy them as separate items or as a whole kit. You can also connect them to your chimney by using a downward elbow and a straight length of pipe that has two 90-degree bends at either end.
Slide each duct onto the wood-burning stove’s tubes, one for intake and one for exhaust. Make sure that the pipe is attached securely to the stove, then use the screws provided to secure the ducts in place. Don’t over-tighten them because they may buckle or damage your wood-burning stove.
Step Three: Attach Flexible Aluminum Duct to Cold Air Intake
Once you have placed the cold air intake duct at your roof, screw it to the wall using anchors. You are going to make a hole in the exterior wall of your house so that you can attach the flexible aluminum duct to the cold air intake. A rotary or keyhole saw can do this job efficiently.
Make sure that the size of the hole fits your duct. If you are using a flexible aluminum duct, it will have slits on its sides so that you can cut it to fit with tin snips. Next, cut out duct sections on both sides, like you were making a paper fan. Once you have cut out the sections for both sides of the duct, use aluminum tape to seal it against drafts and moisture.
You can also use expandable foam insulation to create an airtight seal. Next, use silicone caulk to smooth down the edges of both sides and around the hole’s circumference, then insert the flexible aluminum duct into the opening and screw it into place. You will need a mounting bracket for this step as well.
Step Four: Connect the Ducts to your Forced-Air System
Once you have attached both cold air intake and hot air exhaust ducts to the wood-burning stove, connect them to the central duct that will transport heat into your home. The size of this duct depends on how warm you want your home to be at a certain time. For example, a small duct will only heat a room or two, while a large duct can circulate enough warmth to warm up an entire house.
It would help if you found the right balance between size and safety because you wouldn’t want your home filled with carbon monoxide from too much heat being circulated into your rooms. Also, be sure to place your wood-burning stove in an area of your home with no windows so that it won’t be affected by the level of heat, whether hot or not.
This is necessary for safety reasons because you do not want the wood-burning stove to ignite its surroundings into a roaring fire when you are asleep or away from home. If you want to find out more about how to duct heat from a wood burning stove, keep reading.
Step Five: Use Duct Tape to Seal any Holes or Weak Points
Use duct tape to seal around the edges of your vents just in case they have gaps, then use aluminum tape on top of that. Doing so will keep out drafts and moisture because it is made from a waterproof material that can even be used underwater.
The cold air intake tube will be the first place to find drafts and moisture, so be sure that you seal that one thoroughly before sealing the rest of your vents. Sealing all these areas will prevent any smells from entering your home because it keeps out any debris such as dust and dirt particles.
Step Six: Place the Blower inside your Forced-Air System
You can purchase a blower at any hardware store with a forced-air system, such as an HVAC shop or online. You will need to use flexible aluminum ducts with this component because it is used for airflow and must be made of durable materials that won’t split under pressure.
Your blower needs to be connected to the venting system using flexible aluminum ducts that are airtight. You can attach it by screwing it into place because that is not a complicated design. The hot air will then be pushed out of your home by the blower, and you will end up with a freeze-free environment during wintertime.
Can I Heat My Whole House With a Wood Burning Stove?
In short, no. Wood-burning stoves are great for heating a room or two but cannot heat your whole house. However, depending on the size of a stove and how well insulated your home is, you might be able to get away with heating one space of your house if it’s decently sized. You can also have multiple stoves in different rooms and run ductwork from the stove to different parts of your house.
If you plan on heating your whole house with one wood-burning stove, be prepared for a freezing house unless you’re using an extremely well-insulated home. However, if you plan on having multiple stoves, then that’s a different story. This will help in how to duct heat from a wood burning stove.
Is It Safe to Leave a Wood Burner on Overnight?
It is safe to leave the wood burner on overnight if you are using the right size of stove for your room, it has an efficient flue, and there are no obstacles in the way. It’s also vital that you get a fireguard installed by a professional to help prevent accidents from happening.
Fireguards are one of our most popular products as they’re easy to fit and can help protect your family from fires. To put a fireguard in place, you need to cover the glass at night and when no one is home. This helps prevent accidents from happening, such as children reaching their hands through the glass and burning themselves.
Can You Get Carbon Monoxide Poisoning From a Wood Burning Stove?
Wood-burning stoves can be a great alternative to heating your home, business, or other structure. They also offer the benefit of reducing fire hazards and do not require an outside power source. However, if proper safety procedures are not taken, they can present a significant danger to those who use them.
In addition to carbon monoxide poisoning from incomplete combustion, there is also the potential for carbon monoxide poisoning directly from a wood-burning stove. A wood-burning stove must be vented out of the structure it is heating to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning.
Ducting heat from a wood-burning stove is an essential step in ensuring your and your family’s safety while using this type of heating system. You can use duct tape, dryer vent tubing, or metal flex pipe to do so.
When choosing which material to buy for your project, it’s helpful to consider where you’ll be installing the ductwork and how much flexibility will be needed once installed. In this blog, we’ve laid out a few tips on how to duct heat from a wood burning stove.
Check it out also – How to Cap Off a Wood Burning Stove .